Streams in developed regions are under significant stress due to the pressure of human activity developed on both the catchment and the river channels. Humans affect streams in many ways, such us changing land uses in the catchment, modifying the stream channel morphology, and delivering nutrients, emergent pollutants and pathogens into the streams through urban and agricultural activities in the draining areas. These activities clearly threaten the ecosystem health and may constitute a human health risk, since streams and rivers are a key water resource for human activity. In Mediterranean streams, these problems are additionally compounded by the scarcity of water.
Medsoul is a coordinated project, which aims to contribute to the needs of the prioritized challenge about climate change and the efficiency in resource use by providing scientific knowledge and tools to face the management of freshwater resources. For this, the project will be developed in the context of the One-Health concept, which integrates the requirements for Ecosystem’s and human’s health. Medsoul takes a multidisciplinary and collaborative approach using the combination of expertises from the participant groups in forest ecology, catchment modeling, and fluvial hydrology and chemical dynamics (CREAF-UB), instream biogeochemistry and aquatic plant ecology (CEAB-CSIC); and pathogen persistence in the freshwater environment (UB).
The Medsoul project is funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of the Spanish Government.